Your goal is to define a harmonious rhythm of space between letters and words, first globally, and then by fixing inharmonious spaces.
The amount of horizontal space between two glyphs (the spacing) is defined by the sum of the spaces around each glyph (their left and right side bearing), plus an eventual correction to fix problematic cases (the kerning).
Spend a great amount of care to balance the spacing of your font, as it will not only result in a more legible typeface, but this will also prevent many kerning issues.
The Advanced Spacing view
This view includes 3 different parts:
- The Spacing Pad - an editable text preview at the top - where you can interactively edit horizontal metrics values for each glyph.
- The Live Preview - an editable text preview at the bottom - to see the impact of your changes on a set of predefined texts including common spacing phrases.
- The Table of Values - on the right - to edit all the glyphs' spacing values.
- Adjust the scale of your font if needed (with the buttons Scale)
- Adjust the global spacing for all glyphs (with the buttons Letter Space)
- Adjust the individual spacing for each glyph
A traditional approach to this task is to start looking at a couple glyphs that serve a control characters to define a rhythm with the most vertical and rounded shapes:
ooooo for lowercase,
OOOOO for uppercase.
- In Fontself Maker, scroll through the list in the Spacing Pad, and fit the space around all characters so they visually match the volume of space around
- The side bearings for straight glyphs like
Hare usually bigger than those for curved letters like
There are 3 different ways to adjust spacing:
- Click on a glyph and drag its left or right side bearings
- Click on a glyph and press the keyboard arrows to slide it horizontally (press Shift + click on the left or right arrow to increment by 10)
- Edit values directly within the table
- Once you have scrolled through the first list of glyphs, check the sample text in the live preview below to see how the edits you make impact words.
- You can then repeat this process for lowercase, uppercase, mixed cases, numbers & punctuation and all other glyphs in your font via the related filter buttons:
You can adjust the spacing values of all characters at once:
- Clear will reset all left & right side bearings to zero (no margins)
- Auto will recalculate all left & right side bearing, adding an extra margin
- Mono will force all glyphs to have the same width, so all characters are evenly spaced (for monospaced fonts)
- Import Spacing will bring all the metrics from another font file into your current typeface. More details in this article.
You should really spend as much time as you can to adjust all spacing before you start working on the last part of your font editing: kerning.
One more tip
- To precisely adjust the width of your Space character, scroll in the Table of Values to the bottom and change the width of the last character, displayed as